IPS provides Conversations for its members and the wider mental health community. A variety of thought-provoking topics are explored in an open and collegial atmosphere. Since the establishment of IPS, we have offered several Conversations each year. Our Conversations are an ideal way of exploring a psychotherapeutic idea with our members and the wider mental health community. Typically, a faculty member or candidate will introduce the Conversation topic by reflecting on a few therapeutic experiences. Our Conversations give us the opportunity to look at how these ideas can be applied to our clinical practices. Participants are encouraged to share clinical examples. Our goal reflects the philosophy of IPS, which is that we are all students who can learn from one another. CONVERSATIONS Before and After the Session Date: Sunday, September 15, 2019 Time: 11:00 am to 1:00 pm Where: 655 Pomander Walk, Teaneck, NJ 07666 Fee: $25 for non-members of IPS RSVP: Register March 18, 2018: Conversation: Self Disclosure in Therapy Conversation: Self Disclosure in Therapy</strong>Thomas Grace, PsyD, PsyA<br />On March 18, 2018, The Institute for Psychoanalytic Studies was host for a lively and thought-provoking conversation about aspects of self-disclosure of countertransference reactions and personal information by the analyst. Through the recollection of personal experiences, we explored how sharing our personal experiences might enhance and impede the therapeutic process.We began the discussion by identifying two aspects of “deliberate” self-disclosure; the analyst expressing induced reactions to a patient, and the analyst sharing personal details. Participants went on to clarify that the therapeutic value, efficacy, and safety of an analyst’s self-disclosure is simultaneously dependent on the clinical needs and wellbeing of patients, as well as the impulses and intentions driving analysts to disclose. The processes of character analysis might be further enhanced, and ruptures healed by follow up exploration of patients’ reactions and fantasies to analysts’ disclosures. The safety of a healthy therapeutic relationship, not a formula, affords rich opportunities to identify the energy and pervasiveness of needs, frustrations, and character traits. As for “unintended” disclosure of personal information, it might not be possible to completely avoid self-disclosure as we leave traces of ourselves in choices we make, how we present ourselves, and the therapeutic environments we create. Nevertheless, there can be boundary-crossing and vulnerability-inducing risks that occur when patients dig through the online activities of an analyst to actively discover personal details without the analyst’s intention or consent for the patient to know.If a goal of analytic treatment is to help patients to identify and disclose previously unknown and vulnerable aspects of themselves (e.g., aggressive and sexual fantasies and impulses) and then more freely choose how or if to use what they learn, then might it be possible that we as analysts can provide an important frame of reference and practice ground for our patients when we afford ourselves the possibility of using self-disclosure as clinically indicated. If we as analysts happen to benefit from that process, maybe that’s a good thing too. Thank you to all participants for your contributions. I believe we all benefited from each other.[/av_toggle]</p><br /> <div style=”text-align: left;” align=”center” data-mce-style=”text-align: left;”></div><br /> <p></p><br /> <p></p><br /> <p>

<strong>Movie Night: Lion</strong>Margaret Debrot, LCSW, PsyA<br />On Sunday, February 11, 2018, the Institute sponsored the first of our Movie Nights, as members of our Institute and other mental health professionals viewed and discussed the 2016 film, Lion. The discussion was led by Cathy Lawrence and myself. Lion is based on the true story of a five year old Indian boy named Saroo, who is lost and separated from his family in India. He is eventually adopted by an upper middle class Australian couple. Twenty-five years later, after he spends four years searching for his birth-mother on Google Earth, Saroo is re-united with his birth-mother and biological sister.After watching the film, participants discussed the psychological dynamics of Saroo and his search for his biological family. Among the topics touched upon were the following: Freud’s theories of repression and the return of the repressed; the inborn temperament of infants; the character of the Saroo and how that character helped him to survive; trauma as it related to individuals who grew up in Uganda; ambivalent feelings expressed by Saroo in his relationships, which may have been a projection of inner conflicts and pain; resilience in people.According to the feedback forms, the participants found the discussion to be informative and helpful. We plan to have more Movie Nights and Discussions in the future.

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<strong>Conversation: #METOO</strong>Lisa Sokoloff, LCSW, PsyA<br />On Sunday, January 29, 2018, IPS hosted a packed room full of clinicians who wanted to discuss the #MeToo movement and how it affects our work with patients. The Conversation was led by Lisa Sokoloff. The group discussed our ability to “not know” as well as how dissociation can be used to wipe away a memory too painful to absorb as a way of protecting the self from being overwhelmed. The conversation covered a lot of ground – men feeling guilty about their fears of what they may have done, fantasies that can be confused with reality, how the climate of women speaking out made it possible for clients to open up and even allow themselves to remember past abuse, and how expectations for women’s sexuality were different in the past. There was a lively discussion about how the culture seems to be changing and many points of view were expressed, including the following: Do some women want to be seen as victims? Do others who were abused want to deny their experiences?  What about women predators and males who are victims?  There wasn’t enough time to addressall the aspects of this timely discussion and we agreed that the conversationshould continue.

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<br />SYNOPSIS OF IPS CONVERSATION, JUNE 4, 2017Humor in psychoanalysis is different from joke telling. A joke is a witticism. It’s a one-way<br />communication; and, although there is a shared recognition on the part of the joke teller and the<br />hearer, that’s the extent of the shared feeling.Humor, on the other hand, is a shared experience between the analyst and the patient, but it’s not<br />directly translatable to other people because it summarizes a unique recognition on the part of<br />the analyst and the patient that they share an understanding. The analyst’s unconscious and the<br />patient’s unconscious meet. We know that we’ve been successful in humorous joining with the<br />patient when there is surprise or relief, and, frequently, when there is laughter.Humor can’t be planned. It is a spontaneous manifestation of the space between the analyst and<br />the patient and is only funny to the two of them. Sometimes when people tell about a funny<br />thing that happened, they say, “You had to be there,” and that’s true. You had to be there, not<br />just in the sense of being in the room, but in the sense of two people being there with each other.<br />Freud wrote Jokes and their Relation to the Unconscious right after he wrote The Interpretation<br />of Dreams, so this suggests a continuation of his thoughts on the unconscious. He recognized<br />that many of the same processes that occur in dreams occur in jokes, including symbolism,<br />condensation, and stream of consciousness. A laugh implies a discharge—inhibitions have been<br />loosened. The cathartic energy used for inhibitions has become superfluous and has been lifted.<br />Therefore, that energy is discharged in laughter.Obviously, humor should be used to acknowledge the shared humanity between the analyst and<br />the patient, never to belittle the patient. Humor should convey the message that we both<br />recognize the absurdity of life and our shared reaction to that absurdity.<br />

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<br />Clients Suffering Physical Pain:How an Understanding of Character and Underlying Fantasy Life Might Offer ReliefConversation – February 12, 2017Clients initially might look to the therapist for concrete strategies such as mindfulness and<br />guided imagery to cope with or reduce physical pain. Without doubt, these and other strategies<br />can be useful components of helping clients.The question before us is what relief, if any, can an analytic treatment possibly offer? This was<br />not a lecture on how to use character analysis or other methods to treat pain. Rather, our<br />community of practicing clinicians got together to have a conversation about how we hear and<br />experience patients’ reports about acute and chronic pain.Through attentively listening to clients and in depth work, we discussed how therapists might<br />help clients discover if there are associations between the physical pain from real injuries and<br />illnesses and deeply rooted unconscious character traits.We discussed how we might use transference and countertransference reactions to help clients<br />identify and examine character traits and underlying fantasies, yes even the sexual ones,<br />associated with the experiences of physical pain, illness, body image, and ageing. Rather than<br />blaming, minimizing, or invalidating clients’ experiences, participants in this conversation have<br />found that this gentle joining approach might actually facilitate clients’ development of a greater<br />sense of control, comfort, and maybe even relief.<br />

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<br />On Sunday, December 11, 2016, the Institute for Psychoanalytic Studies held a Conversation on the topic: When the Political Becomes Personal: How a Psychoanalytic Understanding Can Help Our Clients Deal with the Polarized Post-Election Climate.The Institute decided to offer a free, open forum for therapists to discuss how this election has affected our work since many of our clients have experienced increased post-election anxiety and a variety of other strong reactions. Since therapists are on the front line of working with depression and anxiety and often work alone in private practice, IPS wanted to create a space for clinicians to share thoughts and experiences related to how the current climate was impacting them as well as their clients.Our facilitator, Lisa Sokoloff, LCSW, led the discussion of how a lack of safety has been experienced by some clients as a result of the election, especially those that have experienced prior trauma in their lives, including women who have a history of sexual abuse, minorities who have faced discrimination or hate crimes and others who are frightened of how the new administration may impose restrictions on civil rights and women’s right to choose.The idea that a person’s character would be a major factor in how someone reacts to different life events was explained as a basic tenet underlying all psychoanalytic treatment. The concept of the Third was mentioned, where the polarized position of opposites can expand to include a neutral space where differences can be explored in an atmosphere of acceptance and safety.In addition, therapists shared how their countertransference came into play when working with clients who shared similar political points of view as well as different ones and how each played a part in shaping the transference/countertransference matrix.The Conversation was well attended by a wide variety of clinicians and everyone participated, with differing views being explored.Lisa Sokoloff, LCSW<br />

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<br />The Institute for Psychoanalytic Studies together with New Jersey Society for Clinical Social Workers provided an open discussion on “The Complexities of Therapy with Clients who are Dealing with the Aging Process and Physical Illness” on November 13, 2016.Our facilitator, Mosse Burns, L.C.S.W, introduced the program with two clinical cases that illustrated how aging can affect the client as well as the therapist in different ways. Aging can involve complex patterns of loss, including less independence, altered bodily functions, monetary concerns, loneliness and fear of illness and death. Therapists treat not only the older patient but they also treat the younger family members who often are the caretakers. Complexities arise for the therapist because of their own countertransference issues, i.e. how they might be dealing with their own aging process, and how they might be managing their own caretaking concerns.The discussion was attended by an enthusiastic group of therapists, who discussed a wide spectrum of clinical experiences. The participants discussed many important issues, such as the limited time available for change, diverse cultural expectations, families burnt out by the aging client, characterological differences in idiosyncratic reactions to multiple losses, the experience of narcissistic injury for some women because of the loss of beauty, and the impact of a psychiatric diagnosis on elderly who are institutionalized and no longer able to live at home.The discussion was animated and well attended.<br />

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